38.8% of high school students with gaps in achievement historically (student groups: ethnic/race minority, special education, free/reduced lunch, limited English proficiency) are proficient or distinguished in reading. In all areas of learning (reading, math, science, social studies, language mechanics, writing) “gap group” students perform well below their peers.
Gap Calculation: Kentucky’s goal is 100 percent proficiency for all students. The distance from that goal or gap is measured by creating a student Gap Group — an aggregate count of student groups that have historically had achievement gaps. Student groups combined include ethnicity/race (African American, Hispanic, Native American), Special Education, Poverty (free/reduced-price meals) and Limited English Proficiency that score at proficient or higher. More info on the Kentucky Department of Education Accountability Model